Only 2 desktops are used: - desktop 0 is the main desktop, and should be the only one active, at every moment in time - desktop 1 is used only as a "hidden" desktop, it should never be active
A wrapper for wmctrl was created, and wmctrl commands are used directly in our code.
The wmctrl command-line application is not used, but it can be used for debugging purposes.
Below, the corresponding command-line options are shown for each action.
'*>' is the symbol for corresponding command-line action.
'-x' options for wmctrl means to use the class-name to identify the windows
- Action - hide/show window
windows are not really hidden, they are moved to the desktop 1 *> wmctrl -x -r xcalc -t 1 windows are shown by moving them to the desktop 0 *> wmctrl -x -r xcalc -t 0 reason: when a hide-window command is sent to the wm, the wm unmaps that window, and this cause problems with GUI applications that expects their windows to be in a mapped state
- Action - changing a window layer (similar, but not always as the same Z-order)
we use 3 layers: above, below, normal wmctrl accepts the following layers: above, below These layers are actually properties added for a window.
layer normal: neither of the "above" and "below" properties is active *> wmctrl -x -r xcalc -b remove,below *> wmctrl -x -r xcalc -b remove,above layer above: only the "above" property should be set *> wmctrl -x -r xcalc -b remove,below *> wmctrl -x -r xcalc -b add,above layer below: only the "below" property should be set *> wmctrl -x -r xcalc -b remove,above *> wmctrl -x -r xcalc -b add,below
- Action - changing a window position and size
*> wmctrl -x- r xcalc -e 0,100,200,300,400 (x,y,width,height) = (100,200,300,400) note: the window must not be maximized, neither in the fullscreen state otherwise the command may not succeed
- Action - changing the fullscreen state
In the fullscreen state, the window client area occupy the whole screen. *> wmctrl -x -r xcalc -b add,fullscreen *> wmctrl -x -r xcalc -b remove,fullscreen
- Action - changing the maximized state
In the fullscreen state, the window area, including the borders and the title, will occupy the whole screen. *> wmctrl -x -r xcalc -b add,maximized_horz,maximized_vert *> wmctrl -x -r xcalc -b remove,maximized_horz,maximized_vert
- Action - activating a window
That window will be above the other windows which belong to the same layer. That window will have the focus. If necessary, the window will be moved to the current desktop. *> wmctrl -x -R xcalc
- Action - list windows
*> wmctrl -x -p -l -G
When enhancements were added to wmctrl, the compiled executable was renamed to 'xctrl'.
This will allow both application to coexist, without the need put them in separate directories.
These enhancements does not affect the standard wmctrl commands.
- New -L option
list all the properties for every window, and will also list extra properties, including the layer for every window, as seen by the window-manager *> xctrl -L
- New -O option
recursively change the override_redirect property for a window, up to the latest parent before the root window -O requires a numeric argument, 0 or 1 *> xctrl -x -O 0 -r xcalc *> xctrl -x -O 1 -r xcalc